MOST-POPULOR-CARDIOLOGY-HOSPITAL-IN-CHENNAI

5 tips to keep your heart healthy

The numbers of heart related incidents are on an all high in present times. In India one person loses life to a heart attack every 33 seconds. People living in urban cities are prone to heart related ailments resulting from a myriad of factors. Some of the most common reasons affecting heart’s health are

1) Work related sedentary lifestyle

As most of us are working on laptops and doing sitting jobs, our physical activity is greatly reduces and this adds up to weight gain.

2) Stressful work environment

Not all factors are physical, as emotional and mental stress can also contribute to bad heart’s health.

3) Junk Food

As we indulge more and more into fast food with high levels of saturated fat, preservatives and unhealthy food content, we increase the risk of heart attack and related diseases.

4) Environmental Pollution and contaminants

The air is not the same as it used to be, it’s filled with pollutants and chemicals that enter our body and add up to illness that may trigger heart conditions

There are many more factors that put our most vital organ at risk, let’s look at the 5 best tips to ensure our heart stays strong and healthy for an overall health benefit.

1) Eat healthy fat, not trans fat

Contrary to the popular belief, fat is good for our body as it is required for essential nourishment. However not all the fat that is out there is good. Fat can be divided into three categories, saturated and polyunsaturated and unsaturated fats.
Saturated fat and trans fat is the one that is responsible for clogging the arteries and raising chances of heart attack.
Industry-produced fats like snack foods, margarines and fried fast foods is loaded with trans fat and should be always avoided.

2) Dental health for a healthy heart

Although the connection may not look direct, dental health is related to heart health. People with the gum disease like periodontal disease often share the same risk factors for heart disease. It is observed that the bacteria may travel from mouth to the heart through blood and cause heart related problems. Always brush and floss your teeth. Maintain dental hygiene and visit your dentist every six months.

3) Sleep tight to beat right

Sleeping is essential for our health and heart is no exception. It is seen that people who don’t sleep enough show greater risk of cardiovascular diseases. A minimum of eight hours of sound sleep is a must for everybody.

4) Sitting for long won’t make your heart strong

Research has shown that sitting for long is not good for your heart even if you do exercise. People who have jobs that require them to sit on a chair for long have increased chances of developing heart related disorders. It also increases your chances of developing deep vein thrombosis.
Make sure you get up from your chair and walk around your office every 15 minutes. Always take the stairs instead of elevator to move around.

5) Avoid passive smoking

A study shows that people who are exposed to second hand smoking are at a 30% greater risk of developing heart related diseases. Chemicals from cigarette smoke when react with air become even more harmful for passive smokers.

Always stay away from smokers and put your foot down against your friend or family who smoke in your presence.

Conclusion

The above mentioned tips are intended to promote better heart health in India by Fortis heart Failure Centre, Chennai. Fortis Heart Failure Centre is one of the best Cardiology Hospitals in Chennai with a team of Best Cardiologists in Chennai

Common Causes of Heart Failure

The 21st century has been synonymously associated with progress, change, and technology. While these components are on the rise many other problems both medical and non-medical are also on the rise. One of the world’s leading epidemic is heart failure. Previously, heart failure was synonymous to old age, but due to the change of lifestyle, it has been started affecting many young people as well.

In the year 2012, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) attributed to nearly 17.5 million deaths. This statistics has been increasing ever since. Heart Failure has not become a part and parcel of our lives. The number of people relying on heart transplants and electronic management of their hearts has rapidly increased over the past few years. Hence it is important to learn the various causes of heart failure because being the behavioral / lifestyle based epidemic under control.

About Heart Failure:

Heart failure is the chronic condition when the heart is unable to pump the required level of blood. This often entails of shortness of breath, fatigue, swollen legs and rapid heartbeat. At first, the organ tries to enlarging, developing more muscle mass and pumping faster. The body also tries its bit by pumping blood for important activities and narrowing the blood vessels to Britain pressure. The body tries to cover up but it does not help the problem the heart if facing. Eventually, the heart and body just can’t keep up.

Common Causes for Heart Failure:

There various reasons that can induce heart failure. The heart necessarily does not have to be weakened in order to begin facing failure but rather stiffness can also cause the heart failure. Following are some of the popular causes of heart failure:

1)Coronary artery disease:

When the arteries (blood vessels responsible for pumping blood from the heart to the organs) get blocked or become severely narrowed – this, in turn, leads to the development of Coronary Artery disease. The heart intern starts facing deficient in oxygen and nutrients.

2) Heart attack (myocardial infarction):

This essentially takes place when the artery supplying your heart muscles becomes completely blocked, this begins damaging the heart tissue due to lack of oxygen and nutrients (part of it essentially “dies). The damaged heart tissue is not able to function well affecting the heart’s ability to pump blood thereby weakening the heart.

3) High blood pressure/hypertension:

This another major cause for heart failure. Essentially, when the pressure in the blood vessels is high, the heart has to pump harder than normal to keep the blood circulating. Therefore uncontrolled high blood pressure can take a serious toll on the heart.

4) Obesity:

Being obese is extremely strenuous on the heart. This is because the heart has to pump more blood in the body thereby making the heart working harder than it normally should.

5) Heart muscle disease (dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy) or inflammation (myocarditis):

Any form of muscle damage – could be from alcohol and drug abuse to viral infection, it can increase the chances of heart failure.

These are various causes that can instigate heart failure.

There are various heart failure treatment options that aim at reducing the various causes and symptoms of heart failure. This would help the heart intern perform its duty withstanding damage caused by the same.

Most-Populor-Hospital-for-Heart-Transplant-Surgery-in-Chennai

How long does a heart transplant surgery take?

Heart transplant surgery is perhaps one of the most complicated surgical procedures done on human body.

Thankfully, India is a hub for heart transplant surgery and every year international and local heart patients check into many reputed cardiac surgery hospitals for treatment of end stage heart failure.  When other treatments are not effective anymore for conditions like Myocardial Infarction, High blood pressure, Valve diseases and irregular heartbeat rate etc., a successful heart transplant surgery can extend the life span of the patient.

Many patients are curious to know about the heart transplant procedure and how long it takes to perform a heart transplant. Let’s understand the heart transplant procedure fully to know more about it.

Not everyone is a candidate for heart transplant

It is recommended to consult a heart transplant specialist to see if one is a suitable candidate for heart transplant surgery and understand the risks, success rate of the procedure to draw realistic expectations from the procedure.

The patients are reviewed on:

  • Health history
  • Run physical exams and diagnostic tests like CT scan, ultrasound and PFT etc
  • Brief about the procedure and risks based on the tests

How long does it take for heart transplant surgery?

A team of cardiac surgeons perform this open heart surgery that may take several hours. After the patient is given a general anesthesia, the surgeons connect him to a heart lung bypass machine to perform the heart transplant procedure.

A majorly invasive surgery, the chest is cut and the rib cage opened to access the deep seated heart.

The surgeons then remove the failing heart and replace it was a donors heart that often starts to beat the moment the major vessels are stitched to the heart.

Heart transplant involves different teams performing different tasks on the patient and the procedure can last for over 12 hours.

Risks with heart transplant surgery

Complications in surgery can change the expected outcome from a surgery; patients are explained about the unexpected risks like

  • Infection due to suppressed immunity
  • Blood loss and bleeding before or after surgery
  • Blood clots that cause the risk of heart attack, brain stroke, or lung problems
  • Troubled Breathing
  • Kidney failure due to rejection
  • Coronary allograft vasculopathy (CAV)
  • Failure of the donor heart & Death

Post Operation

After the surgery is over, the patient is given medication to manage pain. The ventilator is still connected and tubes are inserted to drain fluids that accumulate around the heart.

The patients, depending on their condition, take different recovery time and are kept in the Intensive Care Unit for around two weeks. Afterwards the patient is moved to general ward is the recovery is strong and steady.

Discharge from the Hospital

After two to three weeks, the patient is discharged from the hospital but required to make frequent visits for monitoring recovery for at least three months. The most crucial period after the surgery as the chances of rejection of the new heart is highest.

Many tests are run on the patients to check for symptoms of rejection, such as fever, fatigue, less urine pass etc.  A heart biopsy may also be performed after regular intervals to check for rejection along with echocardiogram and electrocardiogram.

Life after heart transplant

A heart transplant is a major event in the life of the patient and may require lifelong changes in lifestyle to live a quality life.

The first and the most prominent change will be taking medication for preventing rejection. Immunosuppressants prevent the body from seeing the heart as a foreign body by decreasing the activity of immune system. This also makes the patient more susceptible to infections and other diseases.

The side effects of immunotherapy can be prominent like swelling of the face, weight gain, acne and facial here and stomach related ailments. But the patient has to develop a coping strategy to minimize the effect of these changes on his life.

At times, the immunosuuppressants may lead to other major diseases like high blood pressure, cancer, dissolving of bones(osteoporosis) and diabetes.

Many hospitals for heart transplant surgery in Chennai have special training and coping programs for heart transplant patients to help them better manage this lifelong regimen.

For More Details :

    http://www.fortisheartfailurecentre.com

 For Enquiries / Appointments: 044 4289 2222 

    For Emergency: 044 4933 4933 

    contactus.malar@fortishealthcare.com 

    Fortis Malar Hospital, No. 52, 1st Main Road, 

    Gandhi Nagar, Adyar, Chennai – 600 020.

Most populor Heart Transplant Hospital in Chennai

Heart Transplant Donation Procedure

Every year, thousands of patients with a failing heart hope to receive a donor heart to give their life a second chance. The number of heart patients substantially outnumber the donor hearts available and hence it makes it all the more important to have a feasible process to procure more and more donor hearts.

Let’s shed some light on the heart donation procedure to understand how donor hearts are procured.

Procuring a donor heart is a team effort of many parties inside and outside hospitals who ensure they are able to save every possible heart and in turn give someone a new life.

The process of acquiring a donor heart goes like this:

Procuring the donor heart from a brain dead person

Organ donors are in general healthy people who unfortunately are in the state of brain death due to injury to the brain. There are many reasons for brain injury such as bleeding into the brain, strokes, accidents, and fatal injuries.

In the Emergency Room

In the Emergency Room, doctors and nurses measure the degree of the brain injury and other injuries to the patient. Only brain dead patients are eligible to donate a heart. Once in the ICU, further testing is done to evaluate whether brain death has occurred or not.

Brain Death occurs when the patient is in a state where they will certainly not wake up; they essentially lose all vital functions of the brain.  Brain death is not like coma, where the brain still shows some activity.

Even though dead, the heart continues to beat and using a ventilator breathing machine the organs like heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, and tissues are provided with an adequate supply of blood and are preserved before further action is taken.

Modern science allows hospitals to artificially support the blood circulation and breathing of brain dead patients and classifies death in two ways i.e cardiovascular death and brain death.

Cardiovascular death occurs when the heart stops beating and there is no breathing while brain death occurs when the brain stops working, but the heart is still beating. 

Family Consent

Once the patient’s family take the decision of donating their relative’s organs, the organ is acquired and transplanted into the needy patient if it is working properly and there are no signs of disease or problem with the organ.

Co-ordinating a transplant 

The hospital’s medical staff contacts a Donor Coordinator to facilitate and initiate the organ donation process as well as inform the family on the process. The family gives consent for the organs they wish to donate during this. The family is also taken through a series of questions to determine the patient’s history and health related event in the past.

Suitability

A series of tests and exams are then performed to assess the organs being offered for transplant.

The tests help in determining:

  • how stable the donor is
  • if the organs are healthy and working properly
  • and if there is any risk of diseases being transmitted from the donor to the person receiving
  • Sometimes brain death can cause injury to other organs making them unsuitable for transplant
  • A physical exam and other blood and medical tests are also performed.

Organ Placement

The donor’s heart is matched to recipients based on factors like blood type, height, weight etc. A test called HLA typing is done to find which recipient will have the least chances of organ rejection.

The donor’s body is taken to the Operation theatre where the recipient and the transplant team is ready. The donor’s organs are removed and transplanted without delay.

Follow Up

The donor family can choose to maintain their privacy or in some cases also meet the recipient to congratulate them. However some

Heart transplant hospitals in Chennai make privacy mandatory and act as a medium of communication between the two families.

For More Details:

http://www.fortisheartfailurecentre.com/
For Enquiries / Appointments: 044 4289 2222
For Emergency: 044 4933 4933
contactus.malar@fortishealthcare.com
Fortis Malar Hospital, No. 52, 1st Main Road,
Gandhi Nagar, Adyar, Chennai – 600 020.

Depression after Heart Transplant surgery

Depression after Heart Transplant surgery

Many people are often diagnosed with disease and illness that affects them mentally as well. They need to cope and adjust to their new lifestyle while trying deal with their condition. It’s not uncommon for patients to be diagnosed with mental disorders like depression. One major link lies between heart disease and depression.

This is known as cardiac depression. Though the term is relatively new many patients who’ve undergone cardiac surgery then begin experiencing depression which is a serious cause for concern. Research suggest that around 60% of cardiac patients are at risk of suffering clinical depression.

What’s the Link Between the Heart and Depression?

It is normal for patients to experience depressive mood swings for a short period of time after the surgery, but when it begins to persist and affect their daily function that’s when it becomes a problem. A wide range of people suffers from either heart disease or depression. But the link between the two has been established as a two-way relationship. In fact, many people with suffering from heart disease have been diagnosed with depression and vice verse. It does not stop there. Research suggests that people with no history of depression are prone to becoming depressed after undergoing a heart attack or developing a heart disease. Similarly, people diagnosed with depression have an increased chance of developing a heart condition.

It has been established that depression, anxiety along with poor dietary habits act as major risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Being depressed has major effects on the heart like intensifying pain and fatigue eventually forcing the patient into social isolation. It could lead to the development of unmanaged stress. This impacts body to function as unmanaged stress can lead to high blood pressure, arterial damage, irregular heart rhythms and weakened the immune system.

In fact, people who are diagnosed with cardiovascular disease and depression often have higher chances of being re-admitted to hospitals. Research suggest that the symptoms of depression ( fatigue, poor appetite etc.) can make it difficult for a person to take care of themselves or their health.

Cardiac Psychology

This is an up and coming field which prioritizes the mental health of patients with cardiac patients. An important note to keep in mind is that a cardiac patient’s emotional health plays a pivotal role in their physical health. There still remains major stigma associated with mental disorder and illnesses. It becomes imperative to look into the mental health of patients as it does largely influence their physical recovery and health.

We at Fortis Heart Failure Centre are known to be one of the best cardiology hospitals in chennai. We’ve conducted many usefulness cardiovascular surgeries and heart transplants in India. Our cardiac team consists of a renowned cardiologist and cardiothoracic surgeons along with state of the art medical equipment.

Depression can truly damage your heart. It’s always advisable for to also look into the mental health of cardiac patients instead of just physical health and recovery. A healthy mind would intern lead to a healthy body.

How Heart Transplant Surgery Procedure in Chennai

Life After heart transplant surgery

Heart transplant surgery is perhaps one of the most complicated surgical procedures done on human body. A team of cardiac surgeons perform this open heart surgery that may take several hours. After the patient is given a general anesthesia, the surgeons connect him to a heart lung bypass machine to perform the Best Heart Transplant Surgery in chennai.

A majorly invasive surgery, the chest is cut and the rib cage opened to access the deep seated heart.

The surgeons then remove the failing heart and replace it was a donors heart that often starts to beat the moment the major vessels are stitched to the heart.

Post Operation

After the surgery is over, the patient is given medication to manage pain. The ventilator is still connected and tubes are inserted to drain fluids that accumulate around the heart.

The patients, depending on their condition, take different recovery time and are kept in the Intensive Care Unit for around two weeks. Afterwards the patient is moved to general ward is the recovery is strong and steady.

Discharge from the Hospital

After two to three weeks, the patient is discharged from the hospital but required to make frequent visits for monitoring recovery for at least three months. The most crucial period after the surgery as the chances of rejection of the new heart is highest.

Many test are run on the patients to check for symptoms of rejection, such as fever, fatigue, less urine pass etc. A heart biopsy may also be performed after regular intervals to check for rejection along with echocardiogram and electrocardiogram.

Life after heart transplant

A heart transplant is a major event in the life of the patient and may require lifelong changes in lifestyle to live a quality life.

The first and the most prominent change will be taking medication for preventing rejection. Immunosuppressants prevent the body from seeing the heart as a foreign body by decreasing the activity of immune system. This also makes the patient more susceptible to infections and other diseases.

The side effects of immunotherapy can be prominent like swelling of the face, weight gain, acne and facial here and stomach related ailments. But the patient has to develop a coping strategy to minimize the effect of these changes on his life.

At times, the immunosuuppressants may lead to other major diseases like high blood pressure, cancer, dissolving of bones(osteoporosis) and diabetes.

Many hospitals have special training and coping programs for

top heart transplant hospital in chennai to help them better manage this lifelong regimen

Changes in Lifestyle

Many changes in eating habits, consuming less oily foods, avoiding alcohol and smoking, doing Yoga, physical exercises and following hygiene practices to lower the risk of infection have to be incorporated into everyday life.

Although the number of visits to a doctor reduce over time, one must make a point to regularly get body checkup done for early detection of any problems.

Many patients develop sexual dysfunction and feel social anxiety to discuss in open. With care and emotional support these patients can be counseled and treated for enjoying an active sexual life.

While doing extreme physical exercises like high altitude climbing, marathons or diving etc. are not advised, the patients can resume to sports, playing with kids and visiting swimming pools.

Top Hospital for Artificial Heart Transplant surgery in chennai

Facts About Artificial Heart Transplant

For patients with a failing heart, waiting for a new heart is like hanging by a thread so they can undergo Heart failure treatment options in chennai and reclaim their life. And the wait is often long as the demand for a new heart far exceeds its availability.

In such a situation, an artificial heart transplant maybe a ray of hope for many and a long termed solution to meeting the increasing numbsers of heart failure patients.

Till date in the history of artificial heart transplant, thirteen different heart designs have been tried on patients with little success. But the design has evolved over the time and has shown significant improvement in functioning like an actual heart.

The most effective and the only FDA approved artificial heart is SynCardia Total Artificial Heart (TAH-t). The Top Heart Surgeon in india put their trust in SynCardia TAH-t as it has shown better results than any other design in patients with heart failure.

Facts about heart transplant

SynCardia TAH-t replaces both heart ventricles as well as the four valves, facilitating in treatment options for end stage biventricular heart failure.

The SynCardia Total Artificial Heart has been recorded to extend a patient’s life by 4 years who consequently found a donor heart later on.

The superior design can pump 9.5 liters of blood every minute though each ventricle. This high volume of blood flow helps patients recover faster owing to a faster recovery of vital organs like kidney and liver etc.

Hence the uncertainty around getting a suitable donor in time is reduced as the patient after undergoing an artificial heart transplant can wait longer for a suitable donor heart.

  • The SynCardia Total Artificial Heart has not recorded a single instance of failure in its 32 years of invention and use. The diaphragm for pumping blood in and out has an astonishing 99.99% success rate, making SynCardia TAH-t a reliable choice amongst Cardiac Surgeons.
  • A total of over 1600 implants have added around 550 years of extended life to patients of different age and gender.
  • The records show that there has been a rise in the artificial heart implants with over 500 SynCardia implants performed since 2012.
  • Accounting to 96% of all artificial heart transplants, the SynCardia Total Artificial Heart is compact and weighs only 160 grams. It is less than half the weight of a human heart and is almost of the same size.
  • An earlier version of SynCardia named Cardiowest showed the highest bridge to transplant rate of 79%, meaning the time before an actual human heart transplant was performed on the same patient, which consequently led to FDA approval of SynCardia Total Artificial Heart.
  • A study confirmed that just after 1 week of the implant, 75% of patients could move out of the bed. After two weeks of implant, 60% of the patients with Total Artificial Heart were able to walk more than 100 feet and showed improved function of vital organs like liver and kidney.
  • Implanting the SynCardia Total Artificial Heart eliminates pacemaker relates surgeries, and the needs for medication for failing heart ventricles.
  • It also eliminates the need for a surgery for malfunctioning heart values, thereby making it an ideal choice for many heart patients who are waiting for a human donor heart.

Conclusion:

The SynCardia Total Artificial Heart may play a vital role in saving hundreds of lives in a future where heart related disease will witness a steep rise. Also many new medical advancements like organ regeneration through stem cells and 3D printed hearts point toward a better future for heart patients both adults and children.

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