Heart valves are small but extremely important parts of your heart. Blood is pumped through your heart in only one direction. And heart valves play a key role in this one-way blood flow, opening and closing with each heartbeat. Pressure changes on either side of the valves cause them to open their flap-like “doors” (called cusps or leaflets) at just the right time, then close tightly to prevent a backflow of blood.
Any malformation in these valves, caused either through congenital defects or lifestyle requires some surgical intervention so that you can have a better quality of life.
Heart Valve Replacement Surgery:
Heart valve replacement is usually an open-heart operation. This essentially means your chest and heart are opened up by a qualified surgical professional to remove a valve that is damaged beyond repair.
An artificial or prosthetic valve is then sewn into its place. There are some cases where the valve is replaced without opening the chest and these are minimally invasive procedures. The damaged valve is replaced through a small incision near the “breastbone” or under your right chest muscle.
The length of such an operation depends on the severity of the heart disease. These are elements that your surgeon will discuss with you before an operation.
The recommendation before any major operation is to talk with members of the surgical team (anesthesiologist, surgeon, cardiologist, respiratory therapist or nurses) and also discussing with your family members any details of the operation you’re apprehensive about.
The operation is conducted while you are under general anaesthesia.
Heart valve replacement surgery is usually involves one of three types of incisions. Minimally invasive surgery uses a ‘mini’ incision in the ‘breastbone’ (sternum) or under your right pectoral muscle to access the heart valve.
Before surgery, you may have to have an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), blood tests, urine tests, and a chest x-ray to give your surgeon the latest information about your health.
During a majority of the procedural options, your heart will be temporarily stopped and the use of a heart/lung machine will be employed to stabilize your breathing and blood circulation. Your surgical team decides which procedure is best for your particular operation.
With advances in technologies and procedural techniques, more cardiac surgeons are using minimally invasive procedures to replace heart valves.
With the potential to reduce pain, scarring, and recovery time, these options are preferred by both surgical teams and patients.
After your heart valve has been replaced and the surgery is completed, your heart will be beating on its own, barring any major complications.
Following the surgery, you’ll spend some time in the intensive care unit (ICU), where you will be closely monitored to make sure there are no complications. After that, you’ll be moved to another room where your family and friends will be able to visit you.
Our Hospitals Care:
The Fortis Cardiology Department includes a group of highly qualified doctors plus high-end technology with best practices in Cardiology with the aim of achieving superlative medical excellence.
Our surgical have a proven track record of conducting and undertaking procedures that are challenging. And while we ensure that all our patients are looked after to the best of our ability, we rely on the best technical equipment, the latest procedures and the best minds in cardiac care to take care of your every need.