Heart transplant surgery is perhaps one of the most complicated surgical procedures done on human body. A team of cardiac surgeons perform this open heart surgery that may take several hours. After the patient is given a general anesthesia, the surgeons connect him to a heart lung bypass machine to perform the Best Heart Transplant Surgery in chennai.
A majorly invasive surgery, the chest is cut and the rib cage opened to access the deep seated heart.
The surgeons then remove the failing heart and replace it was a donors heart that often starts to beat the moment the major vessels are stitched to the heart.
After the surgery is over, the patient is given medication to manage pain. The ventilator is still connected and tubes are inserted to drain fluids that accumulate around the heart.
The patients, depending on their condition, take different recovery time and are kept in the Intensive Care Unit for around two weeks. Afterwards the patient is moved to general ward is the recovery is strong and steady.
Discharge from the Hospital
After two to three weeks, the patient is discharged from the hospital but required to make frequent visits for monitoring recovery for at least three months. The most crucial period after the surgery as the chances of rejection of the new heart is highest.
Many test are run on the patients to check for symptoms of rejection, such as fever, fatigue, less urine pass etc. A heart biopsy may also be performed after regular intervals to check for rejection along with echocardiogram and electrocardiogram.
Life after heart transplant
A heart transplant is a major event in the life of the patient and may require lifelong changes in lifestyle to live a quality life.
The first and the most prominent change will be taking medication for preventing rejection. Immunosuppressants prevent the body from seeing the heart as a foreign body by decreasing the activity of immune system. This also makes the patient more susceptible to infections and other diseases.
The side effects of immunotherapy can be prominent like swelling of the face, weight gain, acne and facial here and stomach related ailments. But the patient has to develop a coping strategy to minimize the effect of these changes on his life.
At times, the immunosuuppressants may lead to other major diseases like high blood pressure, cancer, dissolving of bones(osteoporosis) and diabetes.
Many hospitals have special training and coping programs for
top heart transplant hospital in chennai to help them better manage this lifelong regimen
Changes in Lifestyle
Many changes in eating habits, consuming less oily foods, avoiding alcohol and smoking, doing Yoga, physical exercises and following hygiene practices to lower the risk of infection have to be incorporated into everyday life.
Although the number of visits to a doctor reduce over time, one must make a point to regularly get body checkup done for early detection of any problems.
Many patients develop sexual dysfunction and feel social anxiety to discuss in open. With care and emotional support these patients can be counseled and treated for enjoying an active sexual life.
While doing extreme physical exercises like high altitude climbing, marathons or diving etc. are not advised, the patients can resume to sports, playing with kids and visiting swimming pools.